STANAG 4415


Overview:

The RapidM modems include the STANAG 4415 narrowband HF data modem waveforms.  The STANAG 4415 data waveform is also referred to as the “NATO Robust” modem providing a coded data rate of 75 bps in a 3 kHz bandwidth with an AUTOBAUD capability for interleaver identification.

Status:

Edition 1 of the STANAG 4415 – “Characteristics of a Robust Non-Hopping, Serial Tine Modulator/Demodulator for Severely Degraded HF Radio Links ” was released in June 1999.

Key Features:

  • STANAG 4415 is a NATO standard for robust, non-hopping digital data communication, used on severely degraded HF channels with poor signal to noise ratios, large Doppler and multipath spreads.
  • The on-air waveform specified in the STANAG 4415 is equivalent to the 75 bps variant of the MIL-STD-188-110 Serial mode. However, the STANAG 4415 modems are required to meet more challenging multipath delay and Doppler spread performance targets.

Relevance:

  • The STANAG 4415 75 bps modem waveform is typically used to send ACKs and NACKs in Automatic-Repeat-Request (ARQ) systems (e.g. STANAG 5066) because of its robustness.

“NATO Robust” 75 bps Serial Tone Modem 75:
The table below presents the STANAG 4415 waveform suite. Included in the table are the modulation, code rate and interleaver settings for the supported data rate.

Waveform Data Rate (bps) Modulation Constellation FEC Coding Interleaver Settings Tone Excision Capability
S 4415 75 Walsh Convolutional

Rate-1/2

Z, S, L

(same as 110A Interleaver definition)

YES

Table 1: STANAG 4415 – Waveform Suite

The STANAG 4415 waveform includes TEX capability. This waveform is also included as the 75 bps rate of STANAG 4539, MIL-STD-188-110B and MIL-STD-188-110A.

The STANAG 4415 waveform can counter the effects of extreme multi-path delay (≤10 ms) and Doppler spread (≤50Hz).  The 75 bps waveform receiver includes tone excision enabling the suppression of up to 4 tones.

The following tables give performance results for the RM Modems (HF Channel Simulator).

STANAG 4415 / MIL-STD-188-110B, 75 bps (NATO Robust)
STANAG 4203 Filters excluded
Data Rate

[bps]

IB STANAG 4415 Mandatory

HF Channel Conditions

STANAG 4415 Mandatory

Performance

RM Modem SNR

Measured

[dB]

Doppler Spread [Hz] Amplitude Path 2  [dB] Multi-Path Spread [ms] BER SNR

[dB]

75 L 0.5 0 10 <10-4 0 -2.0
75 L 1 0 10 <10-4 -1 -4.0
75 L 2 0 10 <10-4 -1 -5.5
75 L 5 0 10 <10-4 -1 -3.8
75 L 10 0 10 <10-4 -1 -4.2
75 L 20 0 10 <10-4 -1 -4.6
75 L 30 0 10 <10-4 -1 -4.9
75 L 40 0 10 <10-4 -0.5 -3.1
75 L 50 0 10 <10-4 0 -3.6
75 L 0 N/A N/A <10-3 -9 -11.6
75 L 1 0 2 <10-3 -9 -5.8
75 L 0.5 0 5 <10-3 -9 -4.6
75 L 5 0 5 <10-3 -9 -6.6

Table 2: Performance: STANAG 4415 / MIL-STD-188-110B, 75 bps (NATO Robust)

STANAG 4415 / MIL-STD-188-110B, 75 bps (NATO Robust)
Data Rate

[bps]

IB STANAG 4415 Mandatory

Interference Conditions

Mandatory

Performance

RM Modem SNR

Measured

[dB]

BER SIR

[dB]

75 L Self interference (S 4415 waveform with independent data sequence) <10-4 -6 -9.3
75 L Swept CW, 0 – 3000 150 Hz/s <10-4 -40 -59.7
75 L NATO standard voice test tape <10-4 -25 Not tested
75 L FSK, 75 bps, Mark: 1575 Hz, Space: 2425 Hz <10-4 -40 -51.2

Table 2: Performance: STANAG 4415 / MIL-STD-188-110B, 75 bps (NATO Robust)

 

The figure below illustrates the Bit Error Rate (BER) performances of the RapidM STANAG 4415 waveform suite as measured for AWGN, ITU-R Poor & Good Channels. The RapidM RS8 HF & V/UHF Channel Simulator was used to simulate the HF channel conditions.

Figure 1: Bit Error Rate (BER) Performance of STANAG 4415 (NATO Robust) modems for AWGN and ITU-R CCIR Poor and CCIR Good Channels
Figure 1: Bit Error Rate (BER) Performance of STANAG 4415 (NATO Robust) modems for AWGN and ITU-R CCIR Poor and CCIR Good Channels

STANAG 4415 Modems

Feel free to browse our standards complaint modems